In age-related macular degeneration, damage to the retina occurs that leads successively to loss of vision, beginning with impairments in the middle of the visual field. We see this disease of the eye in our practice primarily in patients beginning at the age of 60. You should therefore come to our office regularly for early detection.
If the retina is damaged once, this damage can never be remedied. Typical triggers of a macular degeneration are especially smoking and direct sunlight. These risk factors must be eliminated to avoid or delay the development of the disease. Nutrition supplements with lutein, zinc and Omega-3 fatty acids can be used for prevention. The most effective combinations of these nutrients were researched in the ARED (Age-related Eye Disease) studies and finally recommended for the treatment.
During sun exposure, it is primarily the blue light that can promote the macular degeneration. To filter out the blue portion of the light and so protect the eyes, you can make recourse to different glasses for macular degeneration. For these there are glasses with a blue filter. Glasses with a blue blocker is stronger still. However, they do change the color vision through the glasses significantly.
If macular degeneration has begun to develop, different glasses and magnification systems also help in this case. When you work at a monitor, a special screen software can support you in reading. Both glasses and software are constantly continuing to develop and provide more protection and visual comfort. To achieve the optimal solution, consult your optician. The selection of lens material should rest in experienced hands.
To date, no alternative aids to these options have proven effective.